Wine Facts

Wine is the most recognizable alcoholic beverage in the world. Its history dates back to 6000 BC. From the harvesting and production process, to the health benefits, the religious significance, to understanding the rankings and ratings; because of its history and popularity, there is much to learn about wine. Below is our growing information section, which updated monthly, shall provide valuable knowledge to those looking to learn more about the beautiful art that is wine.

WINE COMPOSITION
 
The major components of wine include the following: Water, Alcohol, Acid, Sugar, Phenolic compounds.
 
Wine is typically 80 to 90 percent water.
 
After water, the other major ingredient in wine is alcohol, which is typically 10 to 15 percent of the volume.
 
Alcohol content is one element of what makes up a wine's "weight" or "body."
 
There are 6 acids in wine: Tartaric, Malic, Citric, Lactic, Acetic and Succinic.
 
There are 2 sugars in wine: Glucose and Fructose. Fructose is much sweeter.
 
Examples of phenolic compounds include: Flavones, Tannins, Vanillin and Resveratrol. The latter is believed to have several health benefits for humans.
 
GRAPE VARIETIES
 
Vitis Vinifera is the only genus of grapes used in commercial winemaking.
 
Vitis Lambrusca, the other grape strain in the drinkable, wine-related universe, is more known as the Concord grape variety found in unfermented grape juice.
 
Chardonnay
 
Chardonnay is among the world's most popular grape varieties. It is thought to be indigenous to the Burgundy region of France and it is in this region that many consider it to achieve its highest expression due to the area's limestone soils.
 
Chardonnay is also extremely important in Champagne region of France, as it is a primary component of the region's classic sparkling wines.
 
Chardonnay can show markedly different characteristics depending on where it is grown and who is making it, as it can take on the climate conditions and personality of the winemaker.
 
The characteristic aromas of Chardonnay include green apple, melon and pears in cooler climates and red apple, tropical fruit and citrus in warmer climates. Butter, vanilla and butterscotch in Chardonnay may exist due to malolactic fermentation or oak aging.
 
Chenin Blanc
 
Chenin Blanc is considered by many to be among the world's most versatile grape varieties because it can produce world class wines of varying sweetness and sparkling as well as dry wines. It also pairs well with food because of it's high level of natural acid.
 
The "home" of Chenin Blanc is considered the Loire Valley of France. However, there is twice as much of it in South Africa, where it sometimes called "Steen."
 
Pinot Grigio
 
Pinot Grigio is actually a mutated "cousin" of Pinot Noir that developed in the Burgundy area of France. Pinot Grigio means "gray Pinot."
 
Pinot Grigio and Pinot Gris are the same grape. Pinot Gris is typically found on the labels of wines from Alsace, France and Oregon and the US. Pinot Grigio is typically found on Italian bottlings.
 
Riesling
 
Riesling is indigenous to Germany, and, because of its ability to withstand cold weather, is one of the few quality grapes that can be grown there.
 
Riesling has an intense floral aroma that varies by climate and growing conditions, so it very easily reflects the sense of the place it is grown (terroir).
 
Riesling wines cover the full spectrum of sweetness levels.
 
Oak aging on Rieslings is very rare.